ANED is governed by a Presidency and by a National Council.
The Presidency is composed of the National President Gianfranco Maris (ex deportee at Mauthausen and Gusen), of the Vice Presidents Bruno Vasari (ex deportee at Mauthausen and Gusen) and Dario Segre (relative of persons fallen at Mauthausen and Ebensee), in addition to the Treasurer Renato Butturini (son of one fallen at Bergen Belsen)and by the General Secretary Miuccia Gigante (daughter of one fallen at the Risiera di San Sabba).
The last congress has also elected an Honorary Committee, composed of Rosa Cantoni, Enzo Collotti, Luigi Mazzullo, Liana Millu, Bianca Paganini, Paolo Bruno Spezzotti e Italo Tibaldi.
The National Council is comprised of no more than 75 council members. It holds a reunion at least once a year and maintains "deliberative power regarding all material concerning the life of the association."